Stem/progenitor cells are required for maintenance of salivary gland (SG) function and serve as untapped reservoirs to create functional cells. Despite recent advancements in the identification of stem/progenitor pools, in the submandibular gland (SMG), a knowledge gap remains. Furthermore, the contribution to adult SMG homeostasis of stem/progenitor cells originating from embryonic development is unclear. Here, we employ an H2B-GFP embryonic and adult pulse-and-chase system to characterize potential SMG stem/progenitor cells (SGSCs) based on quiescence at different stages. Phenotypical profiling of quiescent cells in the SMG revealed that label-retaining cells (LRCs) of embryonic or adult origin co-localized with CK8+ ductal or vimentin+ mesenchymal, but not with CK5+ or CK14+ stem/progenitor cells. These SMG LRCs failed to self-renew in vitro while non-label retaining cells displayed differentiation and long-term expansion potential as organoids. Collectively, our data suggest that an active cycling population of cells is responsible for SMG homeostasis with organoid forming potential.