(1) Background: Small Animal Fast Insert for MRI detector I (SAFIR-I) is a preclinical Positron Emission Tomography (PET) insert for the Bruker BioSpec 70/30 Ultra Shield Refrigerated (USR) preclinical 7 T Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) system. It is designed explicitly for high-rate kinetic studies in mice and rats with injected activities reaching 500 MBq, enabling truly simultaneous quantitative PET and Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging with time frames of a few seconds in length. (2) Methods: SAFIR-I has an axial field of view of 54.2 mm and an inner diameter of 114 mm. It employs Lutetium Yttrium OxyorthoSilicate (LYSO) crystals and Multi Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC) arrays. The Position-Energy-Timing Application Specific Integrated Circuit, version 6, Single Ended (PETA6SE) digitizes the MPPC signals and provides time stamps and energy information. (3) Results: SAFIR-I is MR-compatible. The system’s Coincidence Resolving Time (CRT) and energy resolution are between (209.0 ± 0.3) ps and (12.41 ± 0.02) % Full Width at Half Maximum (FWHM) at low activity and (326.89 ± 0.12) ps and (20.630 ± 0.011) % FWHM at 550 MBq, respectively. The peak sensitivity is ∼1.6 %. The excellent performance facilitated the successful execution of first in vivo rat studies beyond 300 MBq. Based on features visible in the acquired images, we estimate the spatial resolution to be ∼2 mm in the center of the Field Of View (FOV). (4) Conclusion: The SAFIR-I PET insert provides excellent performance, permitting simultaneous in vivo small animal PET/MR image acquisitions with time frames of a few seconds in length at activities of up to 500 MBq.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||21|
|Status||Published - 1-nov.-2021|