Sex allocation and investment into pre- and post-copulatory traits in simultaneous hermaphrodites: The role of polyandry and local sperm competition

Lukas Schaerer*, Ido Pen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

50 Citaten (Scopus)


Sex allocation theory predicts the optimal allocation to male and female reproduction in sexual organisms. In animals, most work on sex allocation has focused on species with separate sexes and our understanding of simultaneous hermaphrodites is patchier. Recent theory predicts that sex allocation in simultaneous hermaphrodites should strongly be affected by post-copulatory sexual selection, while the role of pre-copulatory sexual selection is much less clear. Here, we review sex allocation and sexual selection theory for simultaneous hermaphrodites, and identify several strong and potentially unwarranted assumptions. We then present a model that treats allocation to sexually selected traits as components of sex allocation and explore patterns of allocation when some of these assumptions are relaxed. For example, when investment into a male sexually selected trait leads to skews in sperm competition, causing local sperm competition, this is expected to lead to a reduced allocation to sperm production. We conclude that understanding the evolution of sex allocation in simultaneous hermaphrodites requires detailed knowledge of the different sexual selection processes and their relative importance. However, little is currently known quantitatively about sexual selection in simultaneous hermaphrodites, about what the underlying traits are, and about what drives and constrains their evolution. Future work should therefore aim at quantifying sexual selection and identifying the underlying traits along the pre- to post-copulatory axis.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
Nummer van het tijdschrift1613
StatusPublished - 5-mrt-2013

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