OBJECTIVES: The integration of shared decision making (SDM) and patient-centered communication (PCC) is needed to actively involve patients in decision making. This study examined the relationship between shared decision making and patient-centered communication.
METHODS: In 82 videotaped hospital outpatient consultations by 41 medical specialists from 18 disciplines, we assessed the extent of shared decision making by the OPTION5 score and patient-centered communication by the Four Habits Coding Scheme (4HCS), and analyzed the occurrence of a high versus low degree (above or below median) of SDM and/or PCC, and its relation to patient satisfaction scores.
RESULTS: In comparison to earlier studies, we observed comparable 4HCS scores and relatively low OPTION5 scores. The correlation between the two was weak (r = 0.29, p = 0.009). In 38% of consultations, we observed a combination of high SDM and low PCC scores or vice versa. The combination of a high SDM and high PCC, which was observed in 23% of consultations, was associated with significantly higher patient satisfaction scores.
CONCLUSION: Shared decision making and patient-centered communication are not synonymous and do not always co-exist.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The value of integrated training of shared decision making and patient-centered communication should be further explored.
|Tijdschrift||Patient Education and Counseling|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||7|
|Status||Published - jul.-2022|