Should transcutaneous bilirubin be measured in preterm infants receiving phototherapy? The relationship between transcutaneous and total serum bilirubin in preterm infants with and without phototherapy: The relationship between transcutaneous and total serum bilirubin in preterm infants with and without phototherapy

Christian V. Hulzebos*, Deirdre E. Vader-van Imhoff, Arend F. Bos, Peter H. Dijk

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

6 Citaten (Scopus)
195 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Our objective was to analyze the relationship between transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measured on an unexposed area of skin and total serum bilirubin (TSB) in preterm infants before, during, and after phototherapy (PT). For this purpose paired TSB and TcB levels were measured daily during the first ten days after birth in preterm infants of less than 32 weeks' gestation. TcB was measured with a Drager Jaundice Meter JM-103 on the covered hipbone. Agreement between TSB and TcB levels was assessed before, during, and after PT. True negative and corresponding false negative percentages were calculated using different TcB cut-off levels. Data are presented as mean (+/- SD). We obtained 856 paired TcB and TSB levels in 109 preterm infants (66 boys, gestational age 29.4 +/- 1.6 weeks and birth weight 1282 g +/- 316 g). We found that the difference between TSB and TcB before PT was significantly lower, 44 (+/- 36) mu mol/L, than the difference during and after PT, 61 (+/- 29) mu mol/L and 63 (+/- 25) mu mol/L, respectively; P <0.01. Blood sampling could be reduced by 42%, with 2% false negatives, when 50 mu mol/L was added to the TcB level at 70% of the PT threshold. Our conclusion is that phototherapy enhances underestimation of TSB by TcB in preterms, even if measured on unexposed skin. The use of specific TcB cut-off levels substantially reduces the need for TSB measurements.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer0218131
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Volume14
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusPublished - 14-jun-2019

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