Sigma-Noninnocence: Masked Phenyl-Cation Transfer at Formal Ni-IV

Jelte S. Steen, Gerald Knizia, Johannes E. M. N. Klein*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

18 Citaten (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)


Reductive elimination is an elementary organometallic reaction step involving a formal oxidation state change of -2 at a transition-metal center. For a series of formal high-valent Ni-IV complexes, aryl-CF3 bond-forming reductive elimination was reported to occur readily (Bour et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 8034-8037). We report a computational analysis of this reaction and find that, unexpectedly, the formal Ni-IV centers are better described as approaching a +II oxidation state, originating from highly covalent metal-ligand bonds, a phenomenon attributable to sigma-noninnocence. A direct consequence is that the elimination of aryl-CF3 products occurs in an essentially redox-neutral fashion, as opposed to a reductive elimination. This is supported by an electron flow analysis which shows that an anionic CF3 group is transferred to an electrophilic aryl group. The uncovered role of sigma-noninnocence in metal-ligand bonding, and of an essentially redox-neutral elimination as an elementary organometallic reaction step, may constitute concepts of broad relevance to organometallic chemistry.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)13133-13139
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftAngewandte Chemie-International Edition
Nummer van het tijdschrift37
StatusPublished - 9-sep.-2019

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