Skeletal muscle atrophy and myosteatosis are not related to long-term aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage outcome

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The prognosis of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is highly variable. This study aims to investigate whether skeletal muscle atrophy and myosteatosis are associated with poor outcome after aSAH. In this study, a cohort of 293 consecutive aSAH-patients admitted during a 4-year period was retrospectively analyzed. Cross-sectional muscle measurements were obtained at the level of the third cervical vertebra. Muscle atrophy was defined by a sex-specific cutoff value. Myosteatosis was defined by a BMI-specific cutoff value. Poor neurological outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale 4-6 at 2 and 6-month follow-up. Patient survival state was checked until January 2021. Generalized estimating equation was performed to assess the effect of muscle atrophy / myosteatosis on poor neurological outcome after aSAH. Cox regression was performed to analyze the impact of muscle atrophy and myosteatosis on overall survival. The study found that myosteatosis was associated with poor neurological condition (WFNS 4-5) at admission after adjusting for covariates (odds ratio [OR] 2.01; 95%CI 1.05,3.83; P = .03). It was not associated with overall survival (P = .89) or with poor neurological outcomes (P = .18) when adjusted for other prognostic markers. Muscle atrophy was not associated with overall survival (P = .58) or neurological outcome (P = .32) after aSAH. In conclusion, myosteatosis was found to be associated with poor physical condition directly after onset of aSAH. Skeletal muscle atrophy and myosteatosis were however irrelevant to outcome in the Western-European aSAH patient. Future studies are needed to validate these finding.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 4-mrt.-2022

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