Social impact assessment and stakeholder engagement in the Russian Federation: Representativeness, deliberativeness and influence

Ilya Gulakov, Frank Vanclay*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

9 Citaten (Scopus)
251 Downloads (Pure)


We analyse two approaches to social impact assessment (SIA) traditional SIA and participatory SIA in the context of a large project in the Russian Federation. The key difference between these approaches is the level and depth of stakeholder engagement in the impact assessment process and project. Participatory SIA seeks to observe the three principles of participatory democracy: representativeness, deliberativeness and influence. We identify the requirements for stakeholder engagement in the Russian impact assessment process, and analyse implementation practice by reviewing the stakeholder engagement activities undertaken for the South Stream gas pipeline project, according to national requirements and international best practice (e.g. the International Finance Corporation Performance Standards). We conclude that the Russian process reflects traditional SIA. Its main weaknesses are poor stakeholder identification and planning of engagement activities. The Russian SIA/EIA process is not consistent with the principles of representativeness, deliberativeness and influence and does not enable people to adequately participate in or influence decision-making.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)37-46
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
StatusPublished - mrt.-2019

Citeer dit