Soil microbiome manipulation triggers direct and possible indirect suppression against Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum

Xuhui Deng, Na Zhang, Zongzhuan Shen, Chengzhi Zhu, Hongjun Liu, Zhihui Xu, Rong Li*, Qirong Shen, Joana Falcao Salles

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Soil microbiome manipulation can potentially reduce the use of pesticides by improving the ability of soils to resist or recover from pathogen infestation, thus generating natural suppressiveness. We simulated disturbance through soil fumigation and investigated how the subsequent application of bio-organic and organic amendments reshapes the taxonomic and functional potential of the soil microbiome to suppress the pathogens Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum in tomato monocultures. The use of organic amendment alone generated smaller shifts in bacterial and fungal community composition and no suppressiveness. Fumigation directly decreased F. oxysporum and induced drastic changes in the soil microbiome. This was further converted from a disease conducive to a suppressive soil microbiome due to the application of organic amendment, which affected the way the bacterial and fungal communities were reassembled. These direct and possibly indirect effects resulted in a highly efficient disease control rate, providing a promising strategy for the control of the diseases caused by multiple pathogens.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftNPJ biofilms and microbiomes
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 12-apr-2021

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