Special offer: 7 days fly & drive Antarctica: The role of wilderness protection in deciding whether (semi) permanent tourist facilities in Antarctica should be prohibited



Antarctica is often described as one of 'world's last wildernesses'. Since 1990, tourism to this wilderness is developing rapidly. In a period of 15 years, the number of tourists that make landings in Antarctica has increased from 2,500 (1990/91) to more than 23.000 (2004/05). The diversity of tourist activities is also increasing. The 1991 Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty explicitly provides Antarctica's 'wilderness values' legal status, but do wilderness values indeed play a role in the current international debate on Antarctic tourism management? This contribution focuses on one of the main elements of this debate: the question whether the establishment of new (semi)permanent facilities for tourism in Antarctica should be prohibited. After analysing this debate and the issue of wilderness protection in Antarctic management more broadly, the author concludes that this question shows a parallel with the Antarctic mining debate in the 1980s and that the issue touches upon a more fundamental policy question: should Antarctica be preserved as a 'wilderness' with as limited evidence of human presence as possible or should Antarctica be managed as an 'international park' in which various values and functions are balanced, for instance through a spatial planning system?
Originele taal-2English
TitelScience and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values
SubtitelEighth World Wilderness Congress symposium
RedacteurenA. Watson , J. Sproull, L. Dean
Plaats van productieFort Collins, USA
UitgeverijUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Aantal pagina's6
StatusPublished - 2007
Extern gepubliceerdJa
EvenementEighth World Wilderness Congress Symposium - Anchorage, United States
Duur: 30-sep.-20056-okt.-2005


ConferenceEighth World Wilderness Congress Symposium
Land/RegioUnited States

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