Spectral performance of SKA Log-periodic Antennas I: mitigating spectral artefacts in SKA1-LOW 21 cm cosmology experiments

Eloy de Lera Acedo, Cathryn M. Trott, Randall B. Wayth, Nicolas Fagnoni, Gianni Bernardi, Brett Wakley, Léon V. E. Koopmans, Andrew J. Faulkner, Jan Geralt bij de Vaate

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)
205 Downloads (Pure)


This paper is the first in a series of papers describing the impact of antenna instrumental artefacts on the 21 cm cosmology experiments to be carried out by the low frequency instrument (SKA1-LOW) of the Square Kilometre Array telescope (SKA), I.e. the Cosmic Dawn (CD) and the Epoch of Reionization (EoR). The smoothness of the passband response of the current log-periodic antenna being developed for the SKA1-LOW is analysed using numerical electromagnetic simulations. The amplitude variations over the frequency range are characterized using low-order polynomials defined locally, in order to study the impact of the passband smoothness in the instrument calibration and CD/EoR Science. A solution is offered to correct a fast ripple found at 60 MHz during a test campaign at the SKA site at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory, Western Australia in 2015 September with a minor impact on the telescope's performance and design. A comparison with the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array antenna is also shown demonstrating the potential use of the SKA1-LOW antenna for the delay-spectrum technique to detect the EoR.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2662-2671
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 1-aug-2017

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