Splanchnic oxygen saturation during reoxygenation with 21% or 100% O-2 in newborn piglets

Baukje M. Dotinga*, Ronnaug Solberg, Ola D. Saugstad, Arend F. Bos, Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

Background

Increasing evidence recognizes the harm of excess oxygen to lungs, eyes, and brain of preterm infants, but not yet to the intestine. We assessed changes in splanchnic oxygenation during reoxygenation with 21% compared to 100% O-2 in a newborn piglet model of perinatal asphyxia.

Methods

We randomized 25 piglets to control or intervention. Intervention groups underwent global hypoxia until acidosis and hypotension occurred. Piglets were reoxygenated for 30 min with 21% or 100% O-2 and observed for 9 h. We continuously measured regional splanchnic oxygen saturation (r(s)SO(2)) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We calculated mean r(s)SO(2) and r(s)CoVar (as SD/mean). We measured PaO2 and SaO(2), sampled from the right carotid artery. 

Results

Reoxygenation after global hypoxia restored r(s)SO(2). Reoxygenation with 100% O-2 increased r(s)SO(2) to values significantly higher than baseline. In intervention groups, r(s)CoVar decreased during observation compared to baseline. We found a correlation between r(s)SO(2) and PaO2 (r = 0.420, P < 0.001) and between r(s)SO(2) and SaO(2) (r = 0.648, P < 0.001) in pooled data from the entire experiment.

Conclusion

Reoxygenation after global hypoxia improves splanchnic oxygenation, but is associated with reduced variability of r(s)SO(2). Reoxygenation with 100% O-2 exposes the intestine to hyperoxia. Splanchnic NIRS is able to detect intestinal hypoxia and hyperoxia.

Impact

Splanchnic oxygenation improves during reoxygenation after global hypoxia, though reoxygenation with 100% O2 exposes the intestine to hyperoxia. Decreased variability of splanchnic oxygenation several hours after hypoxia and reoxygenation seems to be independent of the resuscitation strategy, and may indicate intestinal injury. Splanchnic NIRS monitoring was able to detect intestinal hypoxia and exposure to hyperoxia, as evidenced by a strong correlation between splanchnic oxygenation and arterial oxygen content.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftPediatric Research
DOI's
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 1-nov-2021

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