Star Formation in 3CR Radio Galaxies and Quasars at z <1

Christian Westhues, Martin Haas, Peter Barthel, Belinda J. Wilkes, S. P. Willner, Joanna Kuraszkiewicz, Pece Podigachoski, Christian Leipski, Klaus Meisenheimer, Ralf Siebenmorgen, Rolf Chini

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

24 Citaten (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Using the Herschel Space Observatory we have observed a representative sample of 87 powerful 3CR sources at redshift z\lt 1. The far-infrared (FIR, 70-500 μm) photometry is combined with mid-infrared (MIR) photometry from the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer and cataloged data to analyze the complete spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of each object from optical to radio wavelength. To disentangle the contributions of different components, the SEDs are fitted with a set of templates to derive the luminosities of host galaxy starlight, dust torus emission powered by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and cool dust heated by stars. The level of emission from relativistic jets is also estimated to isolate the thermal host galaxy contribution. The new data are in line with the orientation-based unification of high-excitation radio-loud AGN, in that the dust torus becomes optically thin longwards of 30 μ {{m}}. The low-excitation radio galaxies and the MIR-weak sources represent an MIR- and FIR-faint AGN population that is different from the high-excitation MIR-bright objects; it remains an open question whether they are at a later evolutionary state or an intrinsically different population. The derived luminosities for host starlight and dust heated by star formation are converted to stellar masses and star-formation rates (SFR). The host-normalized SFR of the bulk of the 3CR sources is low when compared to other galaxy populations at the same epoch. Estimates of the dust mass yield a 1-100 times lower dust/stellar mass ratio than for the Milky Way, which indicates that these 3CR hosts have very low levels of interstellar matter and explains the low level of star formation. Less than 10% of the 3CR sources show levels of star formation above those of the main sequence of star-forming galaxies. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)120-172
Aantal pagina's53
TijdschriftThe Astronomical Journal
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - 2016


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