Stress selectively and lastingly promotes learning of context-related high arousing information

Tom Smeets*, Oliver T. Wolf, Timo Giesbrecht, Kevin Sijstermans, Sebastian Telgen, Marian Joels

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

76 Citaten (Scopus)


The secretion of adrenal stress hormones in response to acute stress is known to affect learning and memory, particularly for emotionally arousing memory material. Here, we investigated whether stress-induced modulation of [earning and memory performance depends on (i) the conceptual relatedness between the material to be learned/remembered and the stressor and (ii) the timing of stress exposure versus learning phase. Participants (earned stressor-related and stressor-unrelated words of varying arousal 1 h prior to, immediately following, or 2 h after exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test (all groups n = 16). Twenty-four hours later, delayed free recall was assessed. Cortisol and alpha-amylase were sampled to evaluate if concurrent stress-induced raised glucocorticoid levels and high adrenergic activity are implicated in modulating learning performance. Our results demonstrate that immediate and delayed post-stress learning selectively enhanced the learning and delayed recall of stressor-related high arousing words. This enhancing effect was strongly associated with concurrent stress-induced cortisol and sympathetic activity. Our data suggest that when to-be-learned information is conceptually related to a stressor and considered important (i.e., arousing) by the individual, learning under stressful circumstances results in improved memorability afterwards. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1152-1161
Aantal pagina's10
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
StatusPublished - sep-2009
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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