Surgery for patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer: which patient, when and extent?

Florine A Eggink, Corine M Koopmans, Hans W Nijman

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cytoreduction to no residual disease is the mainstay of primary treatment for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (AdvEOC). This review addresses recent insights on optimal patient selection, timing, and extent of surgery, intended to optimize cytoreduction in patients with AdvEOC.

RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical guidelines recommend primary cytoreductive surgery (PCS) for AdvEOC patients with a high likelihood of achieving complete cytoreduction with acceptable morbidity. In line with this, preoperative prediction markers such as cancer antigen-125, histologic and genomic factors, innovative imaging modalities, and the performance of a diagnostic laparoscopy have been suggested to improve clinical decision-making with regard to optimal timing of cytoreductive surgery. To determine whether these strategies should be incorporated into clinical practice validation in randomized clinical trials is essential.

SUMMARY: The past decade has seen a paradigm shift in the number of AvdEOC patients that are being treated with upfront neoadjuvant chemotherapy instead of PCS. However, although neoadjuvant chemotherapy may reduce morbidity at the time of interval cytoreductive surgery, no favorable impact on survival has been demonstrated and it may induce resistance to chemotherapy. Therefore, optimizing patient selection for PCS is crucial. Furthermore, surgical innovations in patients diagnosed with AvdEOC should focus on improving survival outcomes.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)351-358
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftCurrent opinion in oncology
Volume29
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - sep-2017

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