This manuscript describes an exploratory study on the synthesis of fatty acid/potato starch esters using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) as the solvent. The effects of process variables such as pressure (6-25 MPa), temperature (120-150 degrees C) and various basic catalysts and fatty acid derivatives (methyl- and vinyl esters and anhydrides) on the degree of substitution (DS) were explored in a batch reactor set-up. Products with a broad range of DS values (0.01-0.31) were obtained, the actual values depending on process conditions, type of catalyst and the fatty acid reagent. The combination of K(2)CO(3) and vinyl laurate gave the highest DS values (DS = 0.31 at 150 degrees C, 8 MPa). The introduction of the fatty acid chains has a profound effect on product properties like hydrophobicity and thermal behavior. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||2|
|Status||Published - 5-sep.-2010|