Synthesis of fatty acid starch esters in supercritical carbon dioxide

Henky Muljana, Sjoerd van der Knoop, Danielle Keijzer, Francesco Picchioni, Leon P. B. M. Janssen, Hero J. Heeres*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

47 Citaten (Scopus)
157 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

This manuscript describes an exploratory study on the synthesis of fatty acid/potato starch esters using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) as the solvent. The effects of process variables such as pressure (6-25 MPa), temperature (120-150 degrees C) and various basic catalysts and fatty acid derivatives (methyl- and vinyl esters and anhydrides) on the degree of substitution (DS) were explored in a batch reactor set-up. Products with a broad range of DS values (0.01-0.31) were obtained, the actual values depending on process conditions, type of catalyst and the fatty acid reagent. The combination of K(2)CO(3) and vinyl laurate gave the highest DS values (DS = 0.31 at 150 degrees C, 8 MPa). The introduction of the fatty acid chains has a profound effect on product properties like hydrophobicity and thermal behavior. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)346-354
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume82
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - 5-sep.-2010

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