Testing the motivational effects of attainable role models: Field and experimental evidence

Leire Gartzia*, Thekla Morgenroth, Michelle K. Ryan, Kim Peters

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


The motivational theory of role modeling proposes motivational processes as critical mechanisms through which attainable role models can increase role aspirants' adoption of more ambitious goals. We conducted four studies to empirically test this proposition with role aspirants and their role models in field and experimental settings (total N = 2,165). Results provide empirical support for motivational processes of role modelling. Together they demonstrate that role models increase role aspirants' subjectively perceived probability of success (i.e., expectancy) and in turn motivation and goals, but only when they are perceived as attainable. These findings reveal how vital it is to raise the visibility of role models who embody representations of the possible and call for further research to understand how role models can reinforce expectancy by changing perceptions of one's own success, particularly the aspirations of minority group members.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)591-602
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftJournal of Theoretical Social Psychology
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusPublished - okt.-2021
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Citeer dit