The amount of dextran in PLGA nanocarriers modulates protein corona and promotes cell membrane damage

Luana Corsi Antonio, Laís Ribovski*, Paula Maria Pincela Lins, Valtencir Zucolotto

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    2 Citaten (Scopus)
    32 Downloads (Pure)


    Polymeric nanocarriers (NCs) are efficient vehicles to prevent drug unspecific biodistribution and increase the drug amounts delivered to tumor tissues. However, some toxicological aspects of NCs still lack a comprehensive assessment, such as their effects on cellular processes that lead to toxicity. We evaluate the interaction of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NCs prepared using dextran (Dex) and Pluronic®-F127 as stabilizing agents with myocardial cells (H9C2), breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7) and macrophages (RAW 264.7) to address the effect of Dex in PLGA NC formulations. By an emulsion diffusion method, doxorubicin-loaded NCs were prepared with no Dex (PLGA-DOX), 1% (w/v) Dex (Dex1/PLGA-DOX) and 5% (w/v) Dex (Dex5/PLGA-DOX). Uptake analyses revealed a significant reduction in Dex5/PLGA-DOX NC uptake by H9C2 and MCF-7, as in the case of Dex1/PLGA-DOX NCs in the absence of in vitro protein corona, revealing an effect of dextran concentration on the formation of protein corona. RAW 264.7 cells presented a greater uptake of Dex5/PLGA-DOX NCs than the other NCs likely because of receptor mediated endocytosis, since C-type lectins like SIGN-R1, mannose receptors and scavenger receptor type 1 that are expressed in RAW 264.7 can mediate Dex uptake. Despite the lower uptake, Dex5/PLGA-DOX NCs promote the generation of reactive oxygen species and oxidative membrane damage in MCF-7 and H9C2 even though cellular metabolic activity assessed by MTT was comparable among all the NCs. Our results highlight the importance of an in-depth investigation of the NC–cell interaction considering additional mechanisms of damage apart from metabolic variations, as nanoparticle-induced damage is not limited to imbalance in metabolic processes, but also associated with other mechanisms, e.g., membrane and DNA damage.
    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)8282-8294
    Aantal pagina's13
    TijdschriftJournal of materials chemistry b
    Vroegere onlinedatum1-sep.-2022
    StatusPublished - 2022


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