The condition for dynamic stability

AL Hof*, MGJ Gazendam, WE Sinke

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

937 Citaten (Scopus)


The well-known condition for standing stability in static situations is that the vertical projection of the centre of mass (CoM) should be within the base of support (BoS). On the basis of a simple inverted pendulum model, an extension of this rule is proposed for dynamical situations: the position of (the vertical projection of) the CoM plus its velocity times a factor rootl/g should be within the BoS, l being leg length and g the acceleration of gravity. It is proposed to name this vector quantity 'extrapolated centre of mass position' (XcoM). The definition suggests as a measure of stability the 'margin of stability' b, the minimum distance from XcoM to the boundaries of the BoS. An alternative measure is the temporal stability margin tau, the time in which the boundary of the BoS would be reached without intervention.

Some experimental data of subjects standing on one or two feet, flatfoot and tiptoe, are presented to give an idea of the usual ranges of these margins of stability. Example data on walking are also presented. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1-8
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftJournal of biomechanics
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - jan.-2005

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