The Development of Sucking Patterns in Preterm, Small-for-Gestational Age Infants

Saakje P. da Costa*, Cees P. van der Schans, Mar J. Zweens, Sarai R. Boelema, Eva van der Meij, Mieke A. Boerman, Arend F. Bos

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

31 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Objective To determine whether the development of sucking patterns in small-for-gestational age (SGA) preterm infants differs from appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) preterm infants.

Study design We assessed sucking patterns in 15 SGA and 34 AGA preterms (gestational age

Results SGA preterms developed a normal sucking pattern later than did AGA preterms (median, 50 versus 44 weeks PMA, P = .002). At term-equivalent age, none of the SGA and 38% of the AGA preterms showed normal sucking (P <.05); at 48 to 50 weeks PMA this was 54% and 81%, respectively (P = .064). Abnormal sucking including "incoordination'' and dysfunctional sucking were more prevalent in SGA preterms than in AGA preterms (median, 11% versus 0% per infant, P <.05). A higher gestational age and z-score for birth weight were predictive of normal sucking at 50 weeks PMA.

Conclusions SGA preterms developed a normal sucking pattern later than AGA preterms. Many AGA preterms also developed a normal mature sucking pattern only after they had reached term age. (J Pediatr 2010; 157:603-9).

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)603-U122
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftJournal of Pediatrics
Volume157
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusPublished - okt-2010

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