The ecosystem-based approach for the marine environment and the position of humans: Lessons from the EU natura 2000 regime


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In policy documents and the literature it has often been emphasised that the concept of ecosystem-based management includes human use of natural resources as humans are also part of the ecosystem. This chapter aims to contribute to the broader discussion of what this consideration should mean for implementing the ecosystem-based approach. For the purpose of discussing this theme, the chapter focuses on the area protection regime of the EU Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive - the Natura 2000 regime - and its implementation.First, the relevance of the Natura 2000 regime for the marine environment will briefly be introduced (Section 2 (2.1)). In this section the question of whether the Natura 2000 regime is based on the ecosystem approach also receives attention (Section 2 (2.2)). Next, attention focuses on the question of what the challenges are in applying an ecosystem-based approach to natural resources at a moment in time where the ecosystem has already been substantially affected (Section 3). Based on this understanding, the Natura 2000 regime is related to the ecosystem-based approach more specifically, with special attention to the importance of ecological restoration (Section 4). Then it is time to strengthen the focus on the place of humans in the ecosystem by discussing the implementation practices in the Netherlands. The various approaches that have been developed by politicians and other stakeholders in order to weaken the legal protection of Natura 2000 in the benefit of ‘space for human activities’ will be discussed (Section 5). The final section contains the main conclusions and some lessons learned that may be useful when implementing the ecosystem-based approach under other legal regimes that are relevant for the marine environment, such as the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (Section 6).
Originele taal-2English
TitelThe ecosystem approach in ocean planning and governance
SubtitelPerspectives from Europe and beyond
RedacteurenDavid Langlet, Rosemary Rayfuse
UitgeverijBrill Online
Aantal pagina's26
ISBN van elektronische versie978-90-04-38998-4
ISBN van geprinte versie978-90-04-38997-7
StatusPublished - dec.-2018
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Publicatie series

NaamPublications on Ocean Development
ISSN van geprinte versie0924-1922

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