Projecten per jaar
Parents often invest a substantial amount of energy in raising offspring. How much they do so depends on several environmental factors and on the extent they cooperate to raise the offspring. In birds, males can feed incubating females, which may allow females to stay longer on the nest, which, in turn, may ultimately improve reproductive success. The interplay between environmental factors and such incubation feeding on incubation attendance has, however, received little attention. Here, we show that favourable circumstances (higher ambient temperature and food availability) allowed incubating blue tit females to increase the time off the nest to improve self-maintenance and males to feed them less, whereas males also fed inexperienced partners more often. Thus, we show a concerted effect of several environmental and intrinsic factors on parental effort during incubation, which will help to improve the general understanding of avian incubation and parental care.
- 1 Actief
Schenkel, M., van Rosmalen, L., Driessen, M., Staal, L., Skirl, A., van Hasselt, S., Brinker, P., Hoitinga, P., Wang, X., Yanos, C., P Kohlmeier, P., Wilwert, E., Bailly, T., van der Ouderaa, I., Karapetsas, G., van der Goot, E., Birker, M., Ramesh, A., Korte, M., Munikumar, S. M., Amaya Romero, J. E., Kort, K., Gurung, K., de Wit, L., Scherrer, R., Gerritsma, Y., Wang, X., Mols, B., Nauta, J., van Dis, N. E., Kreider, J., Lamers, S., Sarma, A., Tangili, M., Hamberg, M., Suarez Menendez, M., Bustamante Ordonez, M., Riederer, J. & Ahuja, G.
01/01/2016 → 01/01/2026