The Fifth Carbohydrate Bioengineering Meeting was held in Groningen, The Netherlands, April 6-9, 2003

L Dijkhuizen*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

An alpha-galactosidase gene from Pyrococcus furiosus was identified, cloned and functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. It is the first alpha-galactosidase from a hyperthermophilic archaeon described to date. The gene encodes a unique amino acid sequence compared to other alpha-galactosidases. Highest homology was found with alpha-amylases classified in family 57 of glycoside hydrolases. The 364 amino acid protein had a calculated mass of 41.6 kDa. The recombinant alpha-galactosidase specifically catalyzed the hydrolysis of para-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactopyranoside, and to some extent that of melibiose and raffinose. The enzyme proved to be an extremely thermo-active and thermostable alpha-galactosidase with a temperature optimum of 115 degrees C and a half-life time of 15 hours at 100 degrees C. The pH optimum is between 5.0 and 5.5. Sequence analysis showed four conserved carboxylic residues. Site-directed mutagenesis was applied to identify the potential catalytic residues. Glu117Ala showed decreased enzyme activity, which could be rescued by the addition of azide or formate. It is concluded that glutamate 117 is the catalytic nucleophile, whereas the acid/base catalyst remains to be identified.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)145
Aantal pagina's1
TijdschriftBiocatalysis and Biotransformation
Volume21
Nummer van het tijdschrift4-5
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug.-2003

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