Empirical evidence conﬁrms that the dimensions of age, gender, and, in some cases, race, are those on which children’s ﬁrst social identities are based. Of these, some researchers have claimed that “gender is the most fundamental” (Banaji & Prentice, 1994, p. 315) and there is certainly evidence that it is one of the earliest of which children show awareness: Infants are able to make categorical distinctions between males and females even before they have the language to articulate the diﬀerences (Leinbach & Fagot, 1993; Walker-Andrews, Bahrick, Raglioni, & Diaz, 1991). By the age of 2 to 3 years, most children not only distinguish between males and females but can tell us that they, themselves, are a boy or a girl, and will exhibit some distress if an adult assigns them to the wrong sex (Bussey, 1986; Money & Ehrhardt, 1972).
|Titel||The Development of the Social Self|
|Redacteuren||Mark Bennett, Fabio Sani|
|Plaats van productie||London|
|ISBN van elektronische versie||9780203391099|
|ISBN van geprinte versie||9781841692944, 9780415649056|
|Status||Published - 4-dec.-2003|