The Hansenula polymorpha mitochondrial carrier family protein Mir1 is dually localized at peroxisomes and mitochondria

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Peroxisomes are ubiquitous cell organelles involved in various metabolic pathways. In order to properly function, several cofactors, substrates and products of peroxisomal enzymes need to pass the organellar membrane. So far only a few transporter proteins have been identified. We analysed peroxisomal membrane fractions purified from the yeast Hansenula polymorpha by untargeted label-free quantitation mass spectrometry. As expected, several known peroxisome-associated proteins were enriched in the peroxisomal membrane fraction. In addition, several other proteins were enriched, including mitochondrial transport proteins. Localization studies revealed that one of them, the mitochondrial phosphate carrier Mir1, has a dual localization on mitochondria and peroxisomes. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of dual sorting, we localized Mir1 in cells lacking Pex3 or Pex19, two peroxins that play a role in targeting of peroxisomal membrane proteins. In these cells Mir1 only localized to mitochondria, indicating that Pex3 and Pex19 are required to sort Mir1 to peroxisomes. Analysis of the localization of truncated versions of Mir1 in wild-type H. polymorpha cells revealed that most of them localized to mitochondria, but only one, consisting of the transmembrane domains 3-6, was peroxisomal. Peroxisomal localization of this construct was lost in a MIR1 deletion strain, indicating that full-length Mir1 was required for the localization of the truncated protein to peroxisomes. Our data suggest that only full-length Mir1 sorts to peroxisomes, while Mir1 contains multiple regions with mitochondrial sorting information. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD050324.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer119742
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1871
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
Vroegere onlinedatum1-mei-2024
DOI's
StatusPublished - jun.-2024

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