The Holocene of the Agro Pontino graben: Recent advances in its palaeogeography, palaeoecology, and tephrostratigraphy

J. Sevink*, J. van der Plicht, H. Feiken, P. M. van Leusen, C. C. Bakels

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

20 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

In the past decade (2000-2010), research within the scope of the 'Hidden Landscapes' project by RUG archaeologists provided important information on the Holocene history of the Agro Pontino graben. This information complemented earlier studies by Dutch Universities (UvA, RUG and UL). The graben was found to hold important tephrochronological, palaeoecological and archaeological archives, which deserve to be studied in more detail. This is demonstrated by the recent robust dating of the Avellino pumice layer at 3945 +/- 10 cal BP obtained from this archive (Sevink et al., 2011) and by the complex denudation record resulting from early land use in its hinterland. An overview is given of the recent knowledge on the Bronze Age to recent landscape that existed in the graben and of the major Early Bronze Age sites, of which most were associated with a large lake. Doubts have grown about the reliability of the existing chronological framework derived from earlier pollen cores by conventional radiocarbon dating. These doubts are discussed in the context of results from recent research, with emphasis on the 'hard water effect' that has been largely neglected in the earlier studies. The main current research topics are indicated. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)153-162
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftQuaternary International
Volume303
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - 25-jul.-2013

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