The influence of Co-Cr and UHMWPE particles on infection persistence: An in vivo study in mice

Anton H. Hosman, Sjoerd K. Bulstra, Jelmer Sjollema, Henny C. van der Mei, Henk J. Busscher, Danielle Neut*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

13 Citaten (Scopus)
304 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Wear of metal-on-metal (cobaltchromium, CoCr particles) and metal-on-polyethylene (ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene, UHMWPE particles) bearing surfaces in hip prostheses is a major problem in orthopedics. This study aimed to compare the influence of CoCr and UHMWPE particles on the persistence of infection. Bioluminescent Staphylococcus aureus Xen36 were injected in air pouches prepared in subcutaneous tissue of immuno-competent BALB/c mice (control), as a model for the joint space, in the absence or presence of CoCr or UHMWPE particles. Bioluminescence was monitored longitudinally up to 21 days, corrected for absorption and reflection by the particles and expressed relative to the bioluminescence found in the presence of staphylococci only. After termination, air pouch fluid and air pouch membrane were cultured and histologically analyzed. Bioluminescence was initially lower in mice exposed to UHMWPE particles with staphylococci than in mice injected with staphylococci only, possibly because UHMWPE particles initially stimulated a higher macrophage presence in murine air pouch membranes. For mice exposed to CoCr particles with staphylococci, bioluminescence was observed to be higher in two out of six animals compared to the presence of staphylococci alone. In the majority of mice, infection risk in the absence or presence of CoCr and UHMWPE particles appeared similar, assuming that the longevity of an elevated bioluminescence is indicative of a higher infection risk. However, the presence of CoCr particles yielded a higher bioluminescence in two out of six mice, possibly because the macrophage degradative function was hampered by the presence of CoCr particles. (C) 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 30:341347, 2012

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)341-347
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume30
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - mrt-2012

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