The predictive value of quantitative sensory testing: a systematic review on chronic postoperative pain and the analgesic effect of pharmacological therapies in patients with chronic pain

Kristian Petersen*, Henrik B Vaegter, A Stubhaug, André Wolff, Brigitte Scammell, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Dennis B Larsen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Studies have suggested that quantitative sensory testing (QST) might hold a predictive value for development of chronic postoperative pain and the response to pharmacological interventions.

This review systematically summarizes the current evidence on the predictive value of QST for chronic postoperative pain and the effect of pharmacological interventions. The main outcome measures were posttreatment pain intensity, pain relief, presence of moderate-to-severe postoperative pain, responders of 30% and 50% pain relief or validated questionnaires of pain and disability.

A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE yielded 25 studies on surgical interventions and 11 on pharmacological interventions. Seventeen surgical and 11 pharmacological studies reported an association between preoperative or pre-treatment QST and chronic postoperative pain or analgesic effect. The most commonly assessed QST modalities were pressure stimuli (17 studies), temporal summation of pain (TSP, 14 studies) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM, 16 studies). Of those, the dynamic QST parameters TSP (50%) and CPM (44%) were most frequently associated with chronic postoperative pain and analgesic effects. A large heterogeneity in methods for assessing TSP (n=4) and CPM (n=7) was found. Overall, most studies demonstrated low-to-moderate levels of risk of bias in study design, attrition, prognostic factors, outcome, and statistical analyses.

This systematic review demonstrates that TSP and CPM show the most consistent predictive values for chronic postoperative pain and analgesic effect, but the heterogeneous methodologies reduce the generalizability and hence call for methodological guidelines.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)31-44
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftPain
Volume162
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
Vroegere onlinedatum21-jul-2020
DOI's
StatusPublished - jan-2021

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