The Preparation and Properties of Thermo-reversibly Cross-linked Rubber Via Diels-Alder Chemistry

Lorenzo Massimo Polgar*, Martin van Duin, Francesco Picchioni

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


A method for using Diels Alder thermo-reversible chemistry as cross-linking tool for rubber products is demonstrated. In this work, a commercial ethylene-propylene rubber, grafted with maleic anhydride, is thermo-reversibly cross-linked in two steps. The pending anhydride moieties are first modified with furfurylamine to graft furan groups to the rubber backbone. These pendant furan groups are then cross-linked with a bismaleimide via a Diels-Alder coupling reaction. Both reactions can be performed under a broad range of experimental conditions and can easily be applied on a large scale. The material properties of the resulting Diels-Alder cross-linked rubbers are similar to a peroxide-cured ethylene/ propylene/diene rubber (EPDM) reference. The cross-links break at elevated temperatures (> 150 degrees C) via the retro-Diels-Alder reaction and can be reformed by thermal annealing at lower temperatures (50-70 degrees C). Reversibility of the system was proven with infrared spectroscopy, solubility tests and mechanical properties. Recyclability of the material was also shown in a practical way, i.e., by cutting a cross-linked sample into small parts and compression molding them into new samples displaying comparable mechanical properties, which is not possible for conventionally cross-linked rubbers.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Nummer van het tijdschrift114
StatusPublished - aug.-2016

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