The prognostic value of amplitude integrated EEG in neonatal sepsis and/or meningitis

H. J. ter Horst*, M. van Olffen, H. J. Remmelts, H de Vries, A. F. Bos

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

29 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Aim:

To investigate the longitudinal course and prognostic value of amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) in infants with neonatal sepsis or meningitis.

Methods:

Amplitude integrated EEG recordings of 22 infants with sepsis/meningitis were retrospectively evaluated. Mean gestational age was 38 weeks (range: 34-42 weeks). Thirteen infants had meningitis. Survivors were seen for neurological follow-up. Four infants died, two were severely abnormal at 24 months. Amplitude integrated EEG background pattern, sleep wake cycling (SWC) and electrographic seizure activity (EA) were appraised.

Results:

All infants with continuous low voltage or flat trace on aEEG (n = 4) had an adverse outcome. Low voltage aEEGs (n = 9) had a positive LR (LR+) for an adverse outcome of 5.3 (95% CI: 1.9-14.8) at 6 h and 8.3 (95% CI: 1.3-55) at 24 h after admission. EA was more frequent in infants with adverse outcome (p <0.01) and had a LR+ for adverse outcome of 10.6 (95% CI: 1.5-76). SWC appeared more frequent in infants with good outcome (p <0.05).

Conclusion:

Low voltage background pattern, SWC and EA on aEEG are helpful to predict neurological outcome in infants with neonatal sepsis or meningitis.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)194-200
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftActa Paediatrica
Volume99
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb-2010

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