The quality of the early motor repertoire in preterm infants predicts minor neurologic dysfunction at school age

Janneke L. M. Bruggink*, Christa Einspieler, Phillipa R. Butcher, Koenraad N. J. A. Van Braeckel, Heinz F. R. Prechtl, Arend F. Bos

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

84 Citaten (Scopus)


Objective The quality of a child's motor repertoire at age 3 to 4 months postterm is predictive of later cerebral palsy (CP). Its predictive power for minor neurologic dysfunction (MND) is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the quality of the early motor repertoire for the development of MND at school age.

Study design We assessed the motor repertoire from video recordings made at 6 to 24 weeks postterm in 82 preterm infants (mean gestational age, 29.7 +/- 1.9 weeks; mean birth weight, 1183 +/- 302 g). At age 7 to 11 years, Touwen's neurologic examination was performed, and the children were classified as normal (n = 49; 60%), MND (n = 18; 22%), or CP (n = 15; 18%).

Results Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the quality of fidgety movements (FMs) and the quality of the concurrent motor repertoire had independent prognostic value for MND at school age. Abnormal FMs evolved into MND in 64% of the children. Nine of die 28 children with normal FMs and an abnormal concurrent motor repertoire developed abnormally (32%). Only I child of the 21 children with normal FMs and a normal concurrent motor repertoire developed MND (5%).

Conclusions Assessment of the quality of the early motor repertoire can accurately identify individual infants at high and low risk for MND at school age.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)32-39.e1
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of Pediatrics
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - jul-2008

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