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Since January 2020, European countries have implemented a wide range of restrictions to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet governments have also implemented democratic compensators in order to offset the negative impacts of restrictions. This article aims to account for the variation of their use between Belgium, the Netherlands and France. We analyse three drivers: the strength of counterpowers, the ruling parties’ ideological leanings and political support. Building on an original data set, our results distinguish between embedded and ad hoc compensators. We find that ad hoc compensators are championed mainly by counterpowers, but also by ideology of the ruling coalitions in Belgium and the Netherlands and used strategically to maintain political support in France. Evidence on the link between embedded compensators and counterpowers is more ambiguous.
|Tijdschrift||Politics of the Low Countries|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||2|
|Status||Published - 2021|
EXCEPTIUS Dataset v 1.0
Egger, C. (Creator), De Saint-Phalle, E. (Data Collector), Magni-Berton, R. (Contributor), Aarts, K. (Contributor) & Roché, S. (Contributor), University of Groningen, 27-jan.-2021
EXCEPTIUS dataset v1.0
Egger, C. M. (Contributor), De Saint-Phalle, E. (Contributor), Magni-Berton, R. (Contributor), Aarts, K. (Contributor) & Sébastian, R. (Contributor), DataverseNL, 27-jan.-2022
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EXCEPTIUS Exceptional powers in time of Sars-CoV-2 crisis
Egger, C. & Aarts, K.
07/09/2020 → 06/09/2022