This chapter examines the provision of essential public services in resettlement sites associated with project induced displacement. Restoring and improving access to essential public services in resettlement sites is an important aspect of livelihood restoration of affected peoples. Project proponents executing resettlement need to comply with IFC Performance Standard 5 Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement and they need to respect the human rights of affected peoples, as proclaimed in the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. The IFC does not explicitly establish a requirement to restore and/or improve access to essential services and it is not observant of the human rights responsibilities of business. Especially in underserved areas, resettlement can invoke an opportunity to improve access to essential public services and contribute to the fulfillment of human rights. A case study from Mozambique reveals some challenges to the successful long term provision of essential services. A company provided high quality infrastructure and equipment which are likely not going to be maintained by the local government. There is a need for stronger cooperation, management and capacity building in the hand-over process from the proponent to the government, so that the outcomes of resettlement become more sustainable.
|Titel||Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision|
|Redacteuren||Marlies Hesselman, Antenor Hallo de Wolf, Brigit Toebes|
|ISBN van elektronische versie||9781315618081|
|ISBN van geprinte versie||9781138669659|
|Status||Published - 2017|
|Naam||Human Rights and International Law|