Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is associated with polymorphisms of the dopamine D-3, serotonin 2A and 2C receptors (DRD3, HTR2A and HTR2C, respectively). This study investigated the possible relationship between TD and the polymorphisms Ser9Gly (DRD3), 102T>C (HTR2A), -1438G>A(HTR2A) and Cys23Ser (HTR2C) in African-Caribbean inpatients. One hundred and twenty-six patients under chronic antipsychotic treatment were genotyped. The assessment of TD was carried out with the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS). The relationships between the carriership of the least frequent alleles and the respective orofaciolingual dyskinesia (TDof) (sum of the items 1-4 of the AIMS), limb-truncal dyskinesia (TDlt)(sum of items 5-7 of the AIMS) and TD (sum of items 1-7 of the AIMS) were analyzed with ANCOVA, comparing means with age as a covariate and stratification for carriers and non-carriers of the mutations. In addition, we conducted pre-planned t-tests to compare AIMS values of carriers of the combinations of alleles versus the corresponding non-carriers. In the study population, females with 9Ser carriership exhibited higher AIMS values than non-carriers. Male subjects with 9Ser carriership in combination with 23Ser or -1438A carriership exhibited higher AIMS values. In male patients also, the combination of 23Ser and -1438A carriership increased TD. The study clearly shows that the African-Carribean population differs from the Caucasian population with regard to the association of TD with the polymorphisms studied and suggests that the association of TD with the studied polymorphisms of the 5-HT2C and probably of the 5-HT2A receptor are the result of a changed susceptibility of the patients, independent of the action of the antipsychotics on these receptors.