The Role of Family and Friends in Return Migration and Its Labor Market Outcomes

Brian Joseph Gillespie*, Clara H. Mulder, Christiane von Reichert

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Drawing on survey data on individuals’ motives for migration in Sweden (N = 2172), we examine the importance of family and friends for return versus onward migration, including their importance for different age groups and in different communities on the rural–urban spectrum. The results point to a significant relationship between the importance of family and return versus onward migration, with family importance decreasing with age among returning migrants. At the same time, the importance of friends for returning increases with age. The findings did not suggest a significant relationship between urbanicity and returning versus migration elsewhere. Based on a subset of respondents who were employed prior to migrating (n = 1056), we further examined labor market outcomes for onward versus returning migrants. The results broadly indicate that return migrations are linked to lower likelihoods of labor market deterioration and improvement, suggesting greater labor market stability for return vis-à-vis onward migrations. However, the importance of family for returning (versus moving elsewhere) is associated with higher likelihoods of labor market deterioration and improvement compared with staying the same, indicating greater volatility in labor market outcomes when the importance of family is considered.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftPopulation Research and Policy Review
DOI's
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 1-apr-2021

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