The inability to use powerful antituberculosis drugs in an increasing number of patients seems to be the biggest threat towards global tuberculosis (TB) elimination. Simplified, shorter and preferably less toxic drug regimens are being investigated for pulmonary TB to counteract emergence of drug resistance. Intensified regimens with high-dose anti-TB drugs during the first weeks of treatment are being investigated for TB meningitis to increase the survival rate among these patients. Moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin are seen as core agents in case of resistance or intolerance against first-line anti-TB drugs. However, based on their pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD), these drugs are also promising for TB meningitis and might perhaps have the potential to shorten pulmonary TB treatment if dosing could be optimized. We prepared a comprehensive summary of clinical trials investigating the outcome of TB regimens based on moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin in recent years. In the majority of clinical trials, treatment success was not in favour of these drugs compared to standard regimens. By discussing these results, we propose that incorporation of extended PK/PD analysis into the armamentarium of drug-development tools is needed to clarify the role of moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin for TB, using the right dose. In addition, to prevent failure of treatment or emergence of drug-resistance, PK and PD variability advocates for concentration-guided dosing in patients at risk for too low a drug-exposure.