The Role of Hemodynamics through the Circle of Willis in the Development of Intracranial Aneurysm: A Systematic Review of Numerical Models

Yuanyuan Shen, Rob Molenberg, Reinoud P H Bokkers, Yanji Wei, Maarten Uyttenboogaart, J Marc C van Dijk*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Background: The role of regional hemodynamics in the intracranial aneurysmal formation, growth, and rupture has been widely discussed based on numerical models over the past decades. Variation of the circle of Willis (CoW), which results in hemodynamic changes, is associated with the aneurysmal formation and rupture. However, such correlation has not been further clarified yet. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate whether simulated hemodynamic indices of the CoW are relevant to the formation, growth, or rupture of intracranial aneurysm. Methods: We conducted a review of MEDLINE, Web of Science, and EMBASE for studies on the correlation between hemodynamics indices of the CoW derived from numerical models and intracranial aneurysm up to December 2020 in compliance with PRISMA guidelines. Results: Three case reports out of 1046 publications met our inclusion and exclusion criteria, reporting 13 aneurysms in six patients. Eleven aneurysms were unruptured, and the state of the other two aneurysms was unknown. Wall shear stress, oscillatory shear index, von-Mises tension, flow velocity, and flow rate were reported as hemodynamic indices. Due to limited cases and significant heterogeneity between study settings, meta-analysis could not be performed. Conclusion: Numerical models can provide comprehensive information on the cerebral blood flow as well as local flow characteristics in the intracranial aneurysm. Based on only three case reports, no firm conclusion can be drawn regarding the correlation between hemodynamic parameters in the CoW derived from numerical models and aneurysmal formation or rupture. Due to the inherent nature of numerical models, more sensitive analysis and rigorous validations are required to determine its measurement error and thus extend their application into clinical practice for personalized management. Prospero registration number: CRD42021125169.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer1008
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftJournal of personalized medicine
Volume12
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
DOI's
StatusPublished - 20-jun-2022

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