The Role of Lipophagy in the Development and Treatment of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Aldo Grefhorst, Ivo P van de Peppel, Lars E Larsen, Johan W Jonker, Adriaan G Holleboom

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

15 Citaten (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or metabolic (dysfunction) associated liver disease (MAFLD), is, with a global prevalence of 25%, the most common liver disorder worldwide. NAFLD comprises a spectrum of liver disorders ranging from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis and eventually end-stage liver disease. The cause of NAFLD is multifactorial with genetic susceptibility and an unhealthy lifestyle playing a crucial role in its development. Disrupted hepatic lipid homeostasis resulting in hepatic triglyceride accumulation is an hallmark of NAFLD. This disruption is commonly described based on four pathways concerning 1) increased fatty acid influx, 2) increased de novo lipogenesis, 3) reduced triglyceride secretion, and 4) reduced fatty acid oxidation. More recently, lipophagy has also emerged as pathway affecting NAFLD development and progression. Lipophagy is a form of autophagy (i.e. controlled autolysosomal degradation and recycling of cellular components), that controls the breakdown of lipid droplets in the liver. Here we address the role of hepatic lipid homeostasis in NAFLD and specifically review the current literature on lipophagy, describing its underlying mechanism, its role in pathophysiology and its potential as a therapeutic target.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer601627
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftFrontiers in endocrinology
Volume11
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1-feb-2021

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