The role of mood, post-traumatic stress, post-concussive symptoms and coping on outcome after MTBI in elderly patients

Amaal Eman Abdulle, Joukje van der Naalt*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)
92 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Elderly patients are at increased risk for persistent complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). This study aimed to investigate the role of post-concussive symptoms, mood, post-traumatic stress, and coping on functional outcome in elderly with MTBI. Information on mood, post-concussive symptoms, post-traumatic stress, and coping was collected 2?weeks post-injury. Six months post-injury functional outcome was assessed with the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended. One hundred and sixty-two patients aged ? 60 years were included, 55% male, mean age?=?71 (?6.2) years. The most frequent cause of injury was falls from standing height (75%). Two weeks post-injury anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress were present in 15%, 12%, and 38% of patients, respectively, with 73% reporting post-concussive symptoms. Avoidant coping was the most frequently used coping style. Six months post-injury, 44% showed incomplete recovery. Higher depression scores (OR?=?0.87, p?=?0.005) and number of post-concussive symptoms (OR?=?0.91, p?=?0.03) were associated with incomplete recovery. Half of the elderly showed incomplete recovery 6?months after MTBI, with early depression or post-concussive symptoms as important factors. Coping style was not related to outcome. These results underline the need for a different approach in elderly patients, focusing on other predicting factors and fall prevention strategies.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftInternational review of psychiatry
DOI's
StatusPublished - 4-okt-2019

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