BACKGROUND: Transplant vasculopathy (TV) is a major contributing factor to chronic graft failure in renal transplant recipients (RTR). TV lesions resemble atherosclerosis in several ways, and it is plausible to believe that some risk factors influence both atherosclerotic plaque formation and formation of TV. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective longitudinal study was to determine if dyslipidemia reflected by the triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio is prospectively associated with death censored chronic graft failure in RTR.
METHOD: 454 prospectively included RTR with a functioning graft for at least one year, were followed for a median of 7 years. RTR were matched based on propensity scores to avoid potential confounding and subsequently the association of the TG/HDL-C ratio with the endpoint chronic graft failure, defined as return to dialysis or re-transplantation, was investigated.
RESULTS: Linear regression analysis showed that concentration of insulin, male gender, BMI and number of antihypertensives predict the TG/HDL-C ratio. Cox regression showed that the TG/HDL-C ratio is associated with chronic graft failure (HR = 1.43, 95%CI = 1.12-1.84, p = 0.005) in competing risk analysis for mortality. Interaction testing indicated that the relationship of the TG/HDL-C ratio with graft failure is stronger in subjects with a higher insulin concentration.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that the TG/HDL-C ratio has the potential to act as a predictive clinical biomarker. Furthermore, there is a need for closer attention to lipid management in RTR in clinical practice with a focus on triglyceride metabolism. (c) 2021 National Lipid Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).