Thermoplastic Vulcanizates Based on Highly Compatible Blends of Isotactic Poly(propylene) and Copolymers of Atactic Poly(propylene) and 5-Ethylidene-2-norbornene

Roy l'Abee, Rafael Sablong, Han Goossens*, Martin van Duin, Anne Spoelstra, Rob Duchateau

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

Highly compatible thermoplastic/elastomer blends were used to prepare thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) with refined morphologies and improved mechanical properties. Copolymers of atactic poly(propylene) (aPP) and 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene (ENB) (aPP-co-ENB) were prepared via metallocene catalysis. Blends of isotactic poly(propylene) (iPP) and the aPP-co-ENB rubbers are immiscible in the melt, but the very high compatibility leads to a refinement of the morphology in comparison to blends based on iPP and ethylene-propylene-diene (EPDM) rubber. The aPP-co-ENB-based blends show improved tensile properties, while the relatively high T-g of the rubber phase retards the elastic recovery at room temperature. Dilution of the TPVs with oil broadens the temperature window for applications by a signification reduction of the Tg and improves the elasticity of the TPVs. This study demonstrates that the lower limit of the rubber particle size of TPVs that is attainable via dynamic vulcanization of immiscible blends is in the order of 500 nm.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)334-344
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume211
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1-feb-2010
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Citeer dit