Threat-related automatic associations in socially anxious adolescents

Eva de Hullu*, Peter J. de Jong, B. Esther Sportel, Maaike H. Nauta

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    20 Citaten (Scopus)


    Threat-related automatic associations are assumed to play an important role in the development and maintenance of social anxiety. We tested whether threat-related automatic associations are already evident in high socially anxious adolescents, by comparing a group of adolescents (age 12-15) with subclinical levels of social anxiety (n = 170) to a group of low socially anxious adolescents (n = 193). We used a single-target implicit association test to measure threat-related automatic associations to social cues. Results showed that indeed in high socially anxious adolescents social cues automatically elicited relatively strong threat-related associations. Supporting the relevance of differentiating between automatic and more explicit measures, both automatic and explicit associations were independently associated with adolescents' level of self-reported social anxiety. The present pattern of findings is not only consistent with the view that automatic and more deliberate threat-related associations are both involved in the etiology of social-anxiety symptoms, but also suggest that both types of associations are proper targets for early intervention programs. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)518-522
    Aantal pagina's5
    TijdschriftBehaviour Research and Therapy
    Nummer van het tijdschrift8
    StatusPublished - aug.-2011


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