Introduction: This prospective controlled study evaluates volumetric, length, and average cross-sectional area (aCSA) airway changes in growing patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate after 1.5 years of bone-anchored maxillary protraction therapy.
Methods: Thirty-five growing unilateral complete cleft lip and palate patients with maxillary deficiency were included (aged 11.3 ± 0.5 years). Cone-beam computed tomography scans were obtained before bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) therapy and after 1.5 years. A growing group without cleft (n = 18) patients served as a control group at 1.5 years posttreatment (aged 13.1 ± 1.2 years). Volumetric, length, and aCSA changes of the total airway, nasopharynx (NP), middle pharynx, and inferior pharynx airway were evaluated.
Results: After 1.5 years of BAMP therapy, a significant increase was observed in the total airway volume and the NP (P <0.01). The middle and inferior pharynx showed an insignificant tendency of volumetric increase. Compared with the control group, a significantly larger airway volume could be observed in the total airway and NP (P <0.05). The aCSA of the NP increased significantly compared with pretreatment.
Conclusions: The total airway and NP volumes significantly increased in growing subjects with cleft lip and palate after 1.5 years of BAMP therapy to a level comparable to a control group without cleft. Volumetric increase in the NP in the BAMP group is mainly attributed to the increase in its cross-sectional area. BAMP can therefore be recommended as an effective therapy for patients with cleft lip and palate with positive effects on airway development.
|Tijdschrift||American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||6|
|Status||Published - dec.-2022|