Three-dimensional volumetric changes in the airway of growing unilateral complete cleft lip and palate patients after bone-anchored maxillary protraction

Ralph Steegman, Adriaan Schoeman, Arjan Dieters, Bert Jongsma, Johan Jansma, Joerd van der Meer, Yijin Ren*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Introduction: This prospective controlled study evaluates volumetric, length, and average cross-sectional area (aCSA) airway changes in growing patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate after 1.5 years of bone-anchored maxillary protraction therapy.

    Methods: Thirty-five growing unilateral complete cleft lip and palate patients with maxillary deficiency were included (aged 11.3 ± 0.5 years). Cone-beam computed tomography scans were obtained before bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) therapy and after 1.5 years. A growing group without cleft (n = 18) patients served as a control group at 1.5 years posttreatment (aged 13.1 ± 1.2 years). Volumetric, length, and aCSA changes of the total airway, nasopharynx (NP), middle pharynx, and inferior pharynx airway were evaluated.

    Results: After 1.5 years of BAMP therapy, a significant increase was observed in the total airway volume and the NP (P <0.01). The middle and inferior pharynx showed an insignificant tendency of volumetric increase. Compared with the control group, a significantly larger airway volume could be observed in the total airway and NP (P <0.05). The aCSA of the NP increased significantly compared with pretreatment.

    Conclusions: The total airway and NP volumes significantly increased in growing subjects with cleft lip and palate after 1.5 years of BAMP therapy to a level comparable to a control group without cleft. Volumetric increase in the NP in the BAMP group is mainly attributed to the increase in its cross-sectional area. BAMP can therefore be recommended as an effective therapy for patients with cleft lip and palate with positive effects on airway development.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)850-860
    Aantal pagina's11
    TijdschriftAmerican journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics
    Nummer van het tijdschrift6
    StatusPublished - dec.-2022

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