Thriving in Times of Technological Change: how tasks, skills and meaning shape careers in the 21st century labour market


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    Technology changes the world around us. It is impossible to imagine an office without computers, healthcare without medical technology and factories without robots. This has heavily affected the organization of work. As our workplaces change, so do the tasks we execute at work - and the skills we need to do them. This bears consequences for our careers: people who can use technology to improve their productivity thrive on technological progress, but that is not the case for workers that execute tasks that computers are relatively good at.

    The chapters in this dissertation concern the well-being of workers in a labour market that can be characterized by continuous technological change. The first chapter concerns the changing demand for routine-intensive tasks and the consequences that has for the careers of Dutch employees. The second chapter involves the changing demand for skills. This is especially relevant for the middle-skilled segment of the labour market, that has come under pressure in the past decades due to technological change. What should currently be taught to middle-educated students in school in order to ensure a good start on the labour market? Whereas the first two chapters focus on the contents of our work (tasks and skills), the last chapter deals with the question whether workers think of their work as useful and fulfilling. The chapter shows that meaningful work is an important topic to study, also for economists - and possibly even more so in the future, when technology is able to replace more tasks.
    Originele taal-2English
    KwalificatieDoctor of Philosophy
    Toekennende instantie
    • Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
    • Inklaar, Robert, Supervisor
    • Brakman, Steven, Supervisor
    • Nikolova, Milena, Co-supervisor
    Datum van toekenning10-mrt-2022
    Plaats van publicatie[Groningen]
    StatusPublished - 2022

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