Time courses of urinary creatinine excretion, measured creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rate over 30 days of ICU admission

M Volbeda, L Hessels, R A Posma, S J Bakker, M W Nijsten*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

Purpose: Baseline urinary creatinine excretion (UCE) is associated with ICU outcome, but its time course is not known.

Materials and methods: We determined changes in UCE, plasma creatinine, measured creatinine clearance (mCC) and estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) in patients with an ICU-stay 30d without acute kidney injury stage 3. The Cockcroft-Gault, MDRD (modification of diet in renal disease) and CKD-EPI (chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration) equations were used.

Results: In 248 patients with 5143 UCEs hospital mortality was 24%. Over 30d, UCE absolutely decreased in male survivors and non-survivors and female survivors and nonsurvivors by 0.19, 0.16, 0.10 and 0.05 mmol/d/d (all P < 0.001). Relative decreases in UCE were similar in all four groups: 1.3, 1.4, 1.2 and 0.9%/d respectively. Over 30d, mCC remained unchanged, but eGFR rose by 31% (CKD-EPI) and 73% (MDRD) and creatinine clearance estimated by Cockcroft-Gault by 59% (all P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Over 1 month of ICU stay, UCE declined by 1%/d which may correspond to an equivalent decline in muscle mass. These rates of UCE decrease were similar in survivors, non-survivors, males and females underscoring the intransigent nature of this process. In contrast to measured creatinine clearance, estimates of eGFR progressively rose during ICU stay.

(c) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)161-166
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftJournal of Critical Care
Volume63
Vroegere onlinedatum24-sep-2020
DOI's
StatusPublished - jun-2021

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