Time Pressure Undermines Performance More Under Avoidance Than Approach Motivation

Marieke Roskes*, Andrew J. Elliot, Bernard A. Nijstad, Carsten K. W. De Dreu

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

52 Citaten (Scopus)


Four experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that performance is particularly undermined by time pressure when people are avoidance motivated. The results supported this hypothesis across three different types of tasks, including those well suited and those ill suited to the type of information processing evoked by avoidance motivation. We did not find evidence that stress-related emotions were responsible for the observed effect. Avoidance motivation is certainly necessary and valuable in the self-regulation of everyday behavior. However, our results suggest that given its nature and implications, it seems best that avoidance motivation is avoided in situations that involve (time) pressure.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)803-813
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - jun.-2013

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