Topography-Mediated Fibroblast Cell Migration Is Influenced by Direction, Wavelength, and Amplitude

Lu Ge, Liangliang Yang, Reinier Bron, Janette K. Burgess, Patrick van Rijn*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

11 Citaten (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Biophysical stimuli including topography play a crucial role in the regulation of cell morphology, adhesion, migration, and cytoskeleton organization and have been known to be important in biomaterials design for tissue engineering. However, little is known about the individual effects of topographic direction, structure repetition, and feature size of the substrate on which wound healing occurs. We report on the design of a topographical gradient with wavelike features that gradually change in wavelength and amplitude, which provides an efficient platform for an in vitro wound healing assay to investigate fibroblast migration. The wound coverage rate was measured on selected areas with wavelength sizes of 2, 5, and 8 mu m in perpendicular and parallel orientations. Furthermore, a method was developed to produce independently controlled wavelength and amplitude and study which parameter has greater influence. Cell movement was guided by topographical properties, with a lower wrinkle wavelength (2 mu m) eliciting the fastest migration speed, and the migration speed increased with decreasing amplitude. However, when the amplitudes were matched, cells migrated faster on a larger wavelength. This study also highlights the sensitivity of fibroblasts to the topographic orientation, with cells moving faster in the parallel direction of the topography. The overall behavior indicated that the wavelength and amplitude both play an important role in directing cell migration. The collective cell migration was found not to be influenced by altered cell proliferation. These findings provide key insights into topography-triggered cell migration and indicate the necessity for better understanding of material-directed wound healing for designing bio-inductive biomaterials.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2104-2116
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftACS Applied Bio Materials
Volume3
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusPublished - 20-apr-2020

Citeer dit