Transatlantic distribution of the Alaskan White River Ash

Britta J. L. Jensen*, Sean Pyne-O'Donnell, Gill Plunkett, Duane G. Froese, Paul D. M. Hughes, Michael Sigl, Joseph R. McConnell, Matthew J. Amesbury, Paul G. Blackwell, Christel van den Bogaard, Caitlin E. Buck, Dan J. Charman, John J. Clague, Valerie A. Hall, Johannes Koch, Helen Mackay, Gunnar Mallon, Lynsey McColl, Jonathan R. Pilcher

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

104 Citaten (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Volcanic ash layers preserved within the geologic record represent precise time markers that correlate disparate depositional environments and enable the investigation of synchronous and/or asynchronous behaviors in Earth system and archaeological sciences. However, it is generally assumed that only exceptionally powerful events, such as supereruptions (>= 450 km(3) of ejecta as dense-rock equivalent; recurrence interval of similar to 10(5) yr), distribute ash broadly enough to have an impact on human society, or allow us to address geologic, climatic, and cultural questions on an intercontinental scale. Here we use geochemical, age, and morphological evidence to show that the Alaskan White River Ash (eastern lobe; A.D. 833-850) correlates to the "AD860B" ash (A.D. 846-848) found in Greenland and northern Europe. These occurrences represent the distribution of an ash over 7000 km, linking marine, terrestrial, and ice-core records. Our results indicate that tephra from more moderate-size eruptions, with recurrence intervals of similar to 100 yr, can have substantially greater distributions than previously thought, with direct implications for volcanic dispersal studies, correlation of widely distributed proxy records, and volcanic hazard assessment.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)875-878
Aantal pagina's4
TijdschriftGeology
Volume42
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
DOI's
StatusPublished - okt-2014
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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