Transition of biogas production system in the Netherlands - a descriptive review

Dieu Linh Hoang, Christopher Bryan Davis, Sanderine Nonhebel, Gerhard Dijkema



    Biogas is a renewable energy source, which can reduce our dependency on natural gas. Since the biogas targets of the Dutch government are not met to date, it appears there are problems with Dutch biogas development. ADAPNER project aims to explore possible biogas business configurations via a systems approach to recommend the best viable ones for the Dutch biogas economy. As the first very piece of the large research, this paper describes the Dutch biogas production system since its start until the present in order to understand the transition and identify issues for further research. Historical research of the Dutch biogas system are scattered in several publications and the period after 2004 was almost missing. By using traditional literature review this paper combines data from existing researches and updated statistic databases, then puts them into an overview picture. In parallel, a data mapping technique is used to determine the most discussed topics related to Dutch biogas over each period. The results have shown that within the three main sources of biogas in the Netherlands, manure biogas development have been fluctuating a lot and is now at a high-speed growing phase while the performance of biogas from landfills and wastewater treatment was quite stable along the time. Contribution of biogas production from other sources was small before 2008 but now is increasing quickly. On the output utilization side, biogas is mainly converted into electricity and heat and the ratio of these two applications are increasing, nevertheless more new utilizations have been introduced. The research also points out the main constraints of the Dutch biogas system, which lie on high operation cost, insufficient supportive policies and inconsistent environmental benefits. The domination of old production options along frequent change of the Dutch supporting policy really raise the question of how the Dutch innovation system should adapt to make space for the new alternatives, for which our project would like to investigate in later research. Regarding to the topic modeling methodology for its first experiment, the academic focus seems to go behind the motivational shifts in making biogas of the society, which was revealed from the literature review. This finding also gives a hint for explanation the slow adaption of Dutch innovation system for biogas, though the new method needs to be implemented in further experiment.
    Originele taal-2English
    StatusUnpublished - 2016
    EvenementEuropean Biogas Association Conference 2016: Transbio Summer School - Ghent, Belgium
    Duur: 27-sep-201629-sep-2016


    ConferenceEuropean Biogas Association Conference 2016
    Verkorte titelEBA Conference 2016
    Internet adres

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