Treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Wijnand J. Teeuw*, Dagmar E. Slot, Hendri Susanto, Victor E. A. Gerdes, Frank Abbas, Francesco D'Aiuto, John J. P. Kastelein, Bruno G. Loos

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

226 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

AimSystematic review and meta-analyses to study the robustness of observations that treatment of periodontitis improves the atherosclerotic profile.

Material and MethodsLiterature was searched in Medline-PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and EMBASE, based on controlled periodontal intervention trials, including also a non-intervention group. Data were extracted and meta-analyses were performed.

ResultsFrom 3928 screened studies, 25 trials met the eligibility criteria. These trials enrolled 1748 periodontitis patients. Seven trials enrolled periodontitis patients that were otherwise healthy, 18 trials recruited periodontal patients with various co-morbidities, such as CVD or diabetes. None of the trials used hard clinical endpoints of CVD. However, improvement of endothelial function has been consistently reported. Meta-analyses demonstrated significant weighted mean difference (WMD) for hsCRP (-0.50mg/l, 95% CI:-0.78; -0.22), IL-6 (-0.48ng/l, 95% CI: -0.90; -0.06), TNF- (-0.75pg/ml, 95% CI: -1.34; -0.17), fibrinogen (-0.47g/l, 95% CI: -0.76; -0.17), total cholesterol (-0.11mmol/l, 95% CI: -0.21; -0.01) and HDL-C (0.04mmol/l, 95% CI: 0.03; 0.06) favouring periodontal intervention. Importantly, periodontitis patients with co-morbidity benefitted most from periodontal therapy; significant WMD were observed for levels of hsCRP (-0.71mg/l, 95% CI: -1.05; -0.36), IL-6 (-0.87ng/l, 95% CI: -0.97; -0.78), triglycerides (-0.24mmol/l, 95% CI: -0.26; -0.22), total cholesterol (-0.15mmol/l, 95% CI: -0.29; -0.01), HDL-C (0.05mmol/l, 95% CI: 0.03; 0.06) and HbA(1c) (-0.43%, 95% CI: -0.60; -0.25).

ConclusionsThis systematic review and meta-analyses demonstrate that periodontal treatment improves endothelial function and reduces biomarkers of atherosclerotic disease, especially in those already suffering from CVD and/or diabetes.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)70-79
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume41
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - jan.-2014

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